1.5.1. To be/сум (part 1)

Like in many other languages, the verb 'to be' (Macedonian 'сум') is irregular. In the dictionary, you will find it listed under the first person singular form of the present tense, 'сум', rather than the third person singular form of the present tense, as with other verbs. Its conjugation is also irregular. The present tense forms are:

јас сум
ти си
тој/таа/тоа е
ние сме
вие сте
тие се

What next?

    • Do you need more examples with the verb сум? Try To be/сум part 2.
    • Want a fun way to practice? Try the To be/сум crossword puzzle (click here). When you're done, don't forget to come back to the Learn portion of the website.
    • Think you got it? Move on to learning about negation (click here).

Vocabulary (зборови)

Click on the Macedonian word to hear its pronunciation.
  • a - conjunction - and, uh
  • Австралија - noun - Australia
  • Австрија - noun - Austria
  • Америка - noun - America
  • Англија - noun - England
  • вие - pronoun - you (plural and formal)
  • Грција - noun - Greece
  • Египет - noun - Egypt
  • јас - pronoun - I
  • каде - interrogative - where
  • ние- pronoun - we
  • од - preposition - from
  • Русија - noun - Russia
  • таа - pronoun - she
  • ти - pronoun - you (informal)
  • тиe - pronoun - they
  • тoa - pronoun - it
  • тoj - pronoun - he
  • Холандија - noun - Holland, Netherlands