2.4.2. Demonstratives

The demonstratives "this" and "that" are adjectives and therefore have different forms depending on whether they describe masculine, feminine, neuter, or plural nouns. The gender of the adjective has to match that of the noun.

 

 

 this

 that

example

 masculine

 овој

 оној

 овој/оној човек

 feminine

 оваа

 онаа

оваа/онаа жена

 neuter

 ова

 она

ова/она дете

 plural

 овие

 оние

 овие/оние луѓе


There is actually a third form that is often used in Macedonian, alongside the two you've encountered in this tutorial. This form of the demonstrative is often translated as "that" in English and in Macedonian takes the forms of the third person pronouns, which you're already familiar with: тој, таа, тоа, тие. Unlike the two sets of forms in this tutorial, which are related to the speaker spatially (i.e. (this one) over here vs. (that one) over there), the third form does not describe a spatial relationship but is a more generic "that," meaning "one that has already been mentioned." For example:

A: Она дете е од Америка.  "That (one over there) child is from America."
Б: Она дете? "That (one over there) child?"
А: Да, тоа дете. "Yes, that (the one we've already mentioned/pointed out/spoken about) child."

What next?

    • Want a fun way to practice? Answer this survey (click here).
    • Want to hear the vocabulary of these tutorials in context? Try these audiocasts: Comparisons and The Beauties of Macedonia. When you're done, don't forget to come back to the Learn portion of the website.
    • Think you got it? Move on to learn about expressing possession (click here).

Зборови

Click on the Macedonian word to hear its pronunciation.