The l-form cannot be used just by itself, but is used to form other tenses, one of which is the l-past. To form the l-form of a verb that ends in -e in the dictionary, you need to know whether the verb is imperfective or perfective. Imperfective verbs do not undergo a change before adding one of the endings below to the dictionary form. Perfective verbs fall in several groups, the most numerous of which is shown in this tutorial. This group of verbs undergoes a change of the final vowel of the dictionary form (e) to a before the endings below are added.
- if the subject is masculine, add -л,
- if the subject is feminine, add -ла,
- if the subject is neuter, add -ло,
- if the subject is plural, add -ле.
You will learn about the many other groups of perfective verbs that do not follow this pattern in the tutorial L-form of E-verbs (part 2).