replica rolex

4.3.6. Reduplication: Short Object Pronouns

Some verbs, called transitive, can take and/or require indirect objects, direct objects, or both. The indirect object is often found by asking the question for/to whom, whereas the direct object is found by asking the question what. To express the indirect object (for example, the person to whom something is given), use the indirect object pronouns. When the sentence has a direct object, and that object is definite, the object has to be reduplicated with a direct object pronoun.

Again, in order to reduplicate the direct object with a direct object pronoun, two conditions have to be fulfillied:

  1. A direct object has to be present
  2. The direct object has to be definite (either have a definite article, be a pronoun, or be made definite in some other way) 

See the following examples:

  • Купувам фустан. I am buying a dress.
  • Ти купувам фустан. I am buying you a dress.
  • Го купувам фустанот. I am buying the dress.
  • Ти го купувам фустанот. I am buying you the dress.

In a question:

  • Купуваш ли фустан? Are you buying a dress?
  • Ми купуваш ли фустан? Are you buying me a dress?
  • Го купуваш ли фустанот? Are you buying the dress?
  • Ми го купуваш ли фустанот? Are you buying me the dress?

In the future tense:

  • Ќе купувам фустан. I will buy a dress.
  • Ќе ти купувам фустан. I will buy you a dress.
  • Ќе го купувам фустанот. I will buy the dress.
  • Ќе ти го купувам фустанот. I will buy you the dress.

In the imperative (with a perfective verb, since it's a one time action):

  • Купи фустан! Buy a dress!
  • Купи ми фустан! Buy me a dress!
  • Купи го фустанот! Buy the dress!
  • Купи ми го фустанот! Buy me the dress!

To choose the correct direct object pronoun, match the number (singular or plural) and if singular, the gender (masculine/neuter or feminine), of the noun the pronoun is reduplicating. For examplе:

  • Го гледам мажот/детето. I see the man/child.
  • Ја гледам жената. I see the woman.
  • Ги гледам луѓето. I see the people.

What next?

    • Do you need a reminder on how to express definiteness? Review how to make nouns (click here) and adjectives (click here) definite.
    • Want to see the usage of short object pronouns together in context? Try these audiocasts about shopping: Shopping for a Jacket, Shopping for Boots, Shopping for a Shirt. When you're done, don't forget to come back to the Learn portion of the website.
    • Think you got it? Move on to learn the long form counterparts of these short object pronouns (click here).


Click on the Macedonian word to hear its pronunciation.
  • вечера - noun - dinner
  • гледа - imperfective verb - see, look, watch (perfectives are погледне, take a look, and види, look, see)
  • дава - imperfective verb - give (perfective is даде)
  • кафе - noun - coffee
  • книга - noun - book
  • компјутер - noun - computer
  • купува, купи - verb - buy, shop
  • куќа - noun - house
  • куче - noun - dog
  • мусака - noun - mousaka
  • носи, донесе - verb - bring
  • палто - noun - coat
  • писмо - noun - letter
  • пишува - imperfective verb - write (perfective is напише, finish writing)
  • прави - imperfective verb - do, make (perfective is направи)
  • сака - imperfective verb - like, love, want (perfectives are засака, fall in love, start liking, посака, wish for)
  • филм - noun - film, movie
  • хамбургер - noun - hamburger
  • чај - noun - tea
  • чевел - noun - shoe
  • чита - imperfective verb - read (perfective is прочита, read through to the end)