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4.3.4. Short Direct Object Pronouns: Describing Pain

The short direct object pronouns are:

subject short direct object





тој or тоа


таа ја
ние нè
вие ве
тие ги

Note that the "us" form, нè, has an accent mark above the "e." This helps distinguish it from the negation не, meaning "no, not," in writing. However, the two words are pronounced the same. 

In certain cases, these short words are translated as the possessive "my, your, his/its, her, our, your (plural), their); for example:

  • Ме боли глава. My head hurts.
  • Ја болат рамења. Her shoulders hurt.

But in the Macedonian sentence, the possessives, мој/моја/мое/мои, твој/твоја/твое/твои, etc. are not used. Instead, the direct object pronouns, meaning "to me, to you, to him, to her, to us, and to them" are used, so the word-for-word translation of these sentences would be "To me hurts head" and "To her hurt shoulders." 

Because the body part that hurts is the subject of the sentence, the verb has to agree with it in number. If a singular body part hurts, such as the head, stomach, or neck, the verb is third person singular (боли). If a plural body part hurts, such as fingers, teeth, eyes, ears, arms, or legs, the verb is third person plural (болат).

Note that the direct object pronoun comes first in these (declarative) sentences. When asking a question, however, the question word (interrogative) comes first and the direct object pronoun comes second. For example:

  • Што те боли? What hurts (you)?
  • Каде те боли? Where does it hurt (you)?
  • Дали те боли грло? Does your throat hurt?

What next?

    • Want a fun way to practice? Try the short direct object pronouns wordsearch (click here). When you're done, don't forget to come back to the Learn portion of the website.
    • Do you want to deepen your knowledge of the vocabulary for parts of the body? Click here to learn the vocabulary and play a game.
    • Think you got it? Move on to a comparison of usage of the short direct and indirect object pronouns when describing pain (e.g. hurting vs. broken or sprained)(click here).
    • See how you can use the direct and indirect object pronouns together (click here).


Click on the Macedonian word to hear its pronunciation.
  • ах - exclamation - ah, oh
  • боли - verb - hurt
  • глава - noun - head
  • гледа - verb - see, look
  • глужд - noun - ankle
  • грб - noun - back
  • грло - noun - throat
  • да - affirmation - yes
  • заб - noun - tooth
  • зглоб - noun - wrist or any joint in the body
  • нога - noun - leg or foot
  • око - noun - eye
  • прст - noun - finger
  • рака - noun - arm or hand
  • раме - noun - shoulder
  • скршен - adjective - broken
  • стомак - noun - stomach
  • уво - noun - ear
  • шинат - adjective - sprained
  • што - interrogative - what