2.1.1. Noun Gender

Nouns in Macedonian have three genders in the singular:

  • masculine (машки род),
  • feminine (женски род), and
  • neuter (среден род).

Each of these categories create plural in different ways, but once a noun is in the plural, the category of gender is almost irrelevant.

Masculine nouns most commonly end in a consonant, feminine nouns in -a, and neuter nouns in -o or -e. Less commonly, masculine nouns could end in -a, feminine nouns could end in a consonant, and neuter nouns could end in -и or -у. The latter endings are less frequent for nouns in general, but they are important to know because there are several frequently used words that have these less common endings; for example: father (татко), uncle (вујко, чичко), night (ноќ), evening (вечер), and others.

What next?

    • Think you got it? Move on to learn about the gender of adjectives and compare it to what you know about the gender of nouns (click here).


Click on the Macedonian word to hear its pronunciation.