2.3.3. Practice: Noun and adjective definiteness

In English, definiteness is expressed by adding "the" in front of the noun or noun phrase; for example: a green car (not definite) - the green car (definite). In Macedonian, when one or more adjectives precede a noun and the context requires that definiteness is expressed, the syllables below are added at the end of the first adjective of the phrase:

  • -иот for masculine (unless the adjective already ends in -и, in which case only add -от)
  • -та for feminine
  • -то for neuter
  • -те for plural

Remember that the gender of the noun determines the gender of the adjective preceding it.

If the noun that is to become definite is not preceded by any adjectives describing it, it receives one of the following endings:

Note that because of the addition of the definite ending, the stress of adjectives and/or nouns to which the ending is added will shift back; for example: зелен - зелениот (shift from зе to ле).

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