2.5.3. One's Own

In Macedonian, the adjectives 'my own', 'your own', 'his own', 'her own', 'its own' etc. are expressed with the same adjective as 'one's own.' Like almost all adjectives in Macedonian, this adjective also has several forms based on the gender and number of the object it is describing:

If the object is...
(see below)
the appropriate form of one's own is ...
(see below
)
masculine свој
feminine своја
neuter свое
plural свои

There are two uses for this Macedonian adjective:

1. when the clause also contains one of the following: секој, секоја, секое, секои (every, each), сè (everything, all), сите (everyone, all), the use is obligatory. For example:

  • Секое прашање има свој одговор. Every question has its own answer.

2. when the subject of the clause is a specific person or a personal pronoun (јас, ти, тој, таа, тоа, ние, вие, тие), the use depends on the context, as the sentence may be expressing something about one's own object as well as someone else's. Consider the examples:

  • Јас живеам во своја куќа. I live in my own house.
  • Јас живеам во моја куќа. I live in my house.
  • Тој живее во своја куќа. He lives in his own house.
  • Тој живее во негова куќа. He lives in his (someone else's) house.

What next?

Now you may be able to figure out the Macedonian saying: „Туѓо не сакаме, свое не даваме!“ Can you figure out or guess what it means? Check your answer below.

    • Review the vocabulary from this lesson with this Jeopardy game.
    • Congratulations! You are done with the second unit! To learn the numbers, continue to the third unit (click here).

The translation of the Macedonian saying „Туѓо не сакаме, свое не даваме!“ is "We don't want something of someone else's, but we won't give up what is our own." Did you figure it out? If so, great job! If not, review the material in 1: Introductions and the vocabulary above before continuing.

Зборови

Click on the Macedonian word to hear its pronunciation.